82: Surat Al-‘Infiţār (The Cleaving) :Mariam

VIRTUES OF SURAH AL INFITAR

An-Nasa’i recorded from Jabir that Mu`adh stood and lead the people in the Night prayer, and he made the recitation of his prayer long. So the Prophet said,

(Are you putting the people to trial O Mu`adh Why don’t you recite (Glorify the Name of your Lord the Most High) (87), (By the forenoon) (93), and (When the heaven is cleft asunder) (82))” The basis of this Hadith is found in the Two Sahihs, however the mentioning of (When the heaven is cleft asunder.) has only been mentioned by An-Nasa’i. It has been previously mentioned in a narration from `Abdullah bin `Umar that the Prophet said,

Whoever would be pleased to look at the Day of Resurrection with his own eyes, then let him recite, (When the sun is Kuwwirat.) (81), (When the heaven is cleft asunder) (82) and (When the heaven is split asunder) (84). Continue reading

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83: Surat Al-Muţaffifīn (The Defrauding) :Babirye

Bismilahir Rahmani Raheem… these are my brief notes on Surah Mutaffifin.

The name of the surah is derived from the very first verse; Wayl-ul-lil mutaffifin.

It was revealed in Makkah, during the earlier stage of revelation when surah after surah was being revealed to make an impact on the people mind in regards to the hereafter. This surah was revealed when the Muslims were being ridiculed and disgraced, the vicious abuse had not begun yet, but at this time non believers would assemble to humiliate the believers. During this time the evil of giving short measure, as in giving people less then what they were owed, or taking more than what was needed was widespread. An example of this is African Governments, they take form the people but they do not give the people back what they are owed, or if a salesperson sells a dress that is worth 10 pounds for 100 pounds those things can be classified as short measures. At this time Allah sent down this surah, and the people were so moved by the surah that they began giving full measure with one another.

The surah described how the disbelievers would laugh at the believers and ridicule them, but that on the Day of Judgment it is those believers, who have lived life being humiliated because of their following of Allah’s rules, that will be laughing. It is they who will be relaxing on the most splendid furniture in the most splendid surroundings, while those who laughed at them will be suffering in eternal torment.

This surah is addressed to those who are involved in fraud/corruption in every possible manor, be that with money, with goods, with favours; those who are dishonourable in their business. Continue reading

84: Surat Al-‘Inshiqāq (The Sundering) :Hussein

The Name is derived from the word inshaqqat, which means to split asunder. It was revealed in Makkah, at a time when the people were refusing to acknowledge that Resurrection would ever take place when they would have to appear before their God to render an account of their deeds.

BISMILLAHI AR RAHMAN AR RAHIM.

84:1
84:2
84:3
84:4
84:5

Itha ‘samaau nshakkat.

When the sky has split open.

Wa athinat lirabihaa wahukkat.

And has responded to its Lord as was obligated to do so.

Wa ithal arlwu muddat.

And when the earth has been extended.

Wa alkat maafiihaa watakhallat.

And has cast out that within it and relinquished it.

Wa athinat lirabihaa wahukkat.

And has responded to its Lord as was obligated to do so. Continue reading

85: Surat Al-Burūj (The Mansions of the Stars) :Hassan

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Surah Al-Buruj (The Mansions of the Stars)

Surah Al-Buruj is the 85th Surah of the Hold Quran and is comprised of 22 verses.

بِسۡمِ اللّٰہِ الرَّحۡمٰنِ الرَّحِیۡمِ

Bismi Allahi alrrahmani alrraheemi

In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

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1- Waalssamai thati alburooji

By the sky, (displaying) the Zodiacal Signs;

2-Waalyawmi almawAAoodi

By the promised Day (of Judgment);

3- Washahidin wamashhoodin

By one that witnesses, and the subject of the witness;-

4- Qutila ashabu alukhdoodi

Woe to the makers of the pit (of fire),

5- Alnnari thati alwaqoodi

Fire supplied (abundantly) with fuel:

6-Ith hum AAalayha quAAoodun

Behold! they sat over against the (fire),

7- Wahum AAala ma yafAAaloona bialmumineena shuhoodun

And they witnessed (all) that they were doing against the Believers.

8- Wama naqamoo minhum illa an yuminoo biAllahi alAAazeezi alhameedi

And they ill-treated them for no other reason than that they believe in Allah, Exalted in Power, Worthy of all Praise!-

9- Allathee lahu mulku alssamawati waalardi waAllahu AAala kulli shayin shaheedun

Him to Whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth! And Allah is Witness to all things.

10- Inna allatheena fatanoo almumineena waalmuminati thumma lam yatooboo falahum AAathabu jahannama walahum AAathabu alhareeqi

Those who persecute (or draw into temptation) the Believers, men and women, and do not turn in repentance, will have the Penalty of Hell: They will have the Penalty of the Burning Fire.

11- Inna allatheena amanoo waAAamiloo alssalihati lahum jannatun tajree min tahtiha alanharu thalika alfawzu alkabeeru

For those who believe and do righteous deeds, will be Gardens; beneath which rivers flow: That is the great Salvation, (the fulfillment of all desires),

12- Inna batsha rabbika lashadeedun

Truly strong is the Grip (and Power) of thy Lord.

13- Innahu huwa yubdio wayuAAeedu

It is He Who creates from the very beginning, and He can restore (life).

14- Wahuwa alghafooru alwadoodu

And He is the Oft-Forgiving, Full of Loving-Kindness,

15- Thoo alAAarshi almajeedi

Lord of the Throne of Glory,

16- FaAAAAalun lima yureedu

Doer (without let) of all that He intends.

17- Hal ataka hadeethu aljunoodi

Has the story reached thee, of the forces-

18- FirAAawna wathamooda

Of Pharaoh and the Thamud?

19- Bali allatheena kafaroo fee taktheebin

And yet the Unbelievers (persist) in rejecting (the Truth)!

20- WaAllahu min waraihim muheetun

But Allah doth encompass them from behind!

21- Bal huwa quranun majeedun

Day, this is a Glorious Quran,

22- Fee lawhin mahfoothin

(Inscribed) in a Tablet Preserved!
May Allah Bless us with peace and prosperity in this life and the Hereafter. (Ameen)

This surah is associated to a story. Below is a summary for you all in order to help you understand the surah better and its background.

It was narrated by Hadrat Suhaib Rumi from the Holy Prophet S.A.W saying that a king had a magician at his court who cm becoming old requested the king to appoint a boy who should learn magic from him. Accordingly the king appointed a boy. But the boy while going to the magician’s place and coming hack home also started visiting on the way a monk (who was probably a follower of the Prophet Jesus) and being influenced by his teaching turned a believer. So much so that by his training he acquired miraculous powers. He would heal the blind and cure the lepers. When the king came to know that the boy had behaved in the Unity of God, he first put the monk to the sword: the+ wanted to kill the boy, but no instrument and no device had any effect on him. At last, the boy said to the king: “If you are bent upon killing me, shoot an arrow at me with the word: Bi-ismi Rahhil-ghulam (in the name of this boy’s Lord) in front of the assembled people. and I shall die.” The king did as he was told and the boy died. There upon the people cried out that they affirmed faith in the Lord of the boy. The courtiers told the king that the same precisely had happened which Ire wanted to avoid: the people had forsaken his religion and adopted the boy’s religion. At this the king was filled with rage. Consequently, he got pits dug out along the roads, got them tilled with tire and ordered all those who refused to renounce the new faith to he thrown into the tire.

References – Ahmad, Muslim. Nasa’i, TIrmidhi, Ibn Jarir. ‘Abdur Razzaq. Ibn Abi Shaibah, Tabarani. ‘Ahd hin Humaid.

Lessons

From this surah and the story that comes along with it, we see three main themes.

First one is that there are going to be evil consequences faced by those who oppress believers.

In the story we see that believers were burnt in pits of fire. As if burning believers with fire is not bad enough, the other people sat round and watched this happen.

Those who torture the believers will be given the punishment of conflagration (a great fire or blaze that threatens human life, animals and property) on the day of judgement and He Who created you for the first time will out you back to life again for accountability.

Our lesson here is do not oppress believers. If someone believes in Allah, the true God, let him or her express his belief in whichever way that he or she wants as long as it is allowed in Islam.

Secondly we see the severity of the punishments of Allah e.g. what happened to Pharoah;

Allah alone deserves to be believed in, and whoever feels displeased at one’s believing in Him is wicked and unjust. And they (the ones displeased at people believing in him) will see how severe Allah’s punishments are.

Let me direct your attention to the “conflagration” mentioned above. We all know that hell is going to be filled with fire, however, conflagration or punishment by burning has been mentioned separately from hell fire. Since these people had burnt the believers to death in pits of fire, there probably might be a different and severer kind of fire in which those people will be burnt.

Our lesson here is Allah has severe punishments. And we do not want to experience His wrath whether it is the punishments of the life, the ones of the grave or the ones hereafter. Therefore we should not stop or even reduce our belief in Him and should always pray not to experience those punishments.

And thirdly, mercy and rewards of Allah towards the believers.

Allah is all forgiving. If a person repents and reforms himself, he can hope to be received by Allah in His mercy. “He is All-Loving”, i.e. He has no enmity with His creatures that he would subject them to torment without any reason, but He loves the creatures He has created and punishes them only when they do not give up the attitude of rebellion against Him.

Our lesson here is Allah is ready to forgive us. Always repent. Say Astagfurullah, take a moment and ask for his mercy and also do good deeds and believe that Allah sees you and your intention and will therefore reward you fairly and fully.

May the Almighty Allah save us from his severe punishments, forgive us, reward us and give us Jannah.

Asalam Aleikum Warahmatullah Wabarakatuh

86: Surat Aţ-Ţāriq (The Nightcommer) :Hussein

بِسۡمِ اللّٰہِ الرَّحۡمٰنِ الرَّحِیۡمِ

  1. وَ السَّمَآءِ وَ الطَّارِقِ

  2. وَ مَاۤ اَدۡرٰىکَ مَا الطَّارِقُ

  3. النَّجۡمُ الثَّاقِبُ

  4. اِنۡ کُلُّ نَفۡسٍ لَّمَّا عَلَیۡہَا حَافِظٌ

  5. فَلۡیَنۡظُرِ الۡاِنۡسَانُ مِمَّ خُلِقَ

  6. خُلِقَ مِنۡ مَّآءٍ دَافِقٍ

  7. یَخۡرُجُ مِنۡۢ بَیۡنِ الصُّلۡبِ وَ التَّرَآئِبِ

  8. اِنَّہٗ عَلٰی رَجۡعِہٖ لَقَادِرٌ

  9. یَوۡمَ تُبۡلَی السَّرَآئِرُ

  10. فَمَا لَہٗ مِنۡ قُوَّۃٍ وَّ لَا نَاصِرٍ

  11. وَ السَّمَآءِ ذَاتِ الرَّجۡعِ

  12. وَ الۡاَرۡضِ ذَاتِ الصَّدۡعِ

  13. اِنَّہٗ لَقَوۡلٌ فَصۡلٌ

  14. وَّ مَا ہُوَ بِالۡہَزۡلِ

  15. اِنَّہُمۡ یَکِیۡدُوۡنَ کَیۡدًا

  16. وَّ اَکِیۡدُ کَیۡدًا

  17. فَمَہِّلِ الۡکٰفِرِیۡنَ اَمۡہِلۡہُمۡ رُوَیۡدًا Continue reading

88: Surat Al-Ghāshiyah (The Overwhelming) :Maryam

The Tafsir of Surat Al-Ghashiyah

Which was revealed in Makkah

It was authentically recorded that An-Nu’man Ibn Bashir said, “The Prophet (PBUH) used to recite Surat
Al-A’la and Al-Ghashiyah in the ‘id and Friday prayers.”

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

Has there come to you the narration of the overwhelming(1)
It is one of the names of the Day of Resurrection. Ibn Abi-Hatim recorded that Amro ibn Maymun said,
“When the prophet (PBUH) was passing by a woman who was reciting; Has there come to you the
narration of the overwhelming, he stood listening and saying, ‘Yes . Verily, there has come to me.

Some faces, that Day, will be humiliated in the Hell-Fire, i.e. the faces of all disbelievers, Jews and
Christians, etc(2)

i.e humiliated and humble at a time when their humbleness will not avail them in the slightest

Laboring (hard in the worldly life by worshipping others besides Allah), weary.(3)

i.e many laboring deeds they did, yet in the blazing fire on the Day of Resurrection, they will surely be
discarded.

They will enter in the hot blazing Fire(4)

They will be given to drink from a boiling spring(5)

i.e the spring of boiling water has reached the utmost degree of heat and boiling.

No food will there be for them but a poisonous thorny plant(6)

They are trees from the hell fire, or that they are the Zaqqum trees, or that they are the stones, or the
trees which are called Ash-Shibriq, which the Quraysh used to call Ash-Shibriq in the spring and Ad-Dari
in the summer. It is a type of tree that is thorny,poisonous and so short that it is almost sticking to the
ground.

Which will neither nourish nor avail against hunger(7)

i.e therewith it nothing sought is established, nor any harmful matter is being thereby rebelled.

Having stated the state of the wretched, Allah, The Exhalted began stating that of the blessed saying:

(Other) faces, that Day on the Day of Resurrection, will be joyfyul i.e their faces will mirror the pleasure
they will be enjoying as a reward for their striving( for the sake of Allah).(8)

With their effort [they are] satisfied(9) Sufyaan said: “Glad with their endeavor i.e for the good deeds they did in this world, (along with the
true Faith of Islamic Monotheism).”

In a Lofty Paradise.(10) i.e they will reside in the such high and glamorous dwellings (Paradise) in peace and security

Where they will shall neither hear harmful speech nor falsehood (11) i.e they will never hear a word of falsehood in Paradise wherein they will be abiding: as Allah, the Exalted says; There they shall pass from hand to hand a (wine) cup, free from Laghw (dirty, false, evil vague talk between them), and free from sin (because it will be legal for them to drink). And (No Laghw (dirty, false, evil vain talk) will they hear
therein, nor any sinful speech (like backbiting, etc.) But only the saying of Salam! Salam! (greeting with peace)!

Therein will be running spring, i.e. flowing freely in abundance. This is mentioned with the purpose of
stressing affirmation, and it does not intend to mean that there is only one spring, but it refers to springs
collectively. Hence the meaning is that in Paradise, there are flowing springs. (12)

Therein will be thorns raised high i.e. lofty thorns which are soft, delightful and thickly brocaded, upon
which there will be seated wide-eyed, beautiful maidens. They said, “Whenever the friend of Allah
wishes to sit on the lofty couches, they will lower themselves for him.”(13)

And cups set at hand i.e. drinking vessels will be readily prepared for those made for them of h people
of Paradise. (14)

And cushions set in rows i.e. pillows (15)

And rich carpets (all) spread out i.e. here and there for whoever wishes to sit on them. Abu Bakr Ibn
Abi Dawud recorded that ‘Usamah Ibn Zayd said that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “Will you
offer deeds (of righteousness) for the sake of paradise; for it is something unimaginable. By The Lord of
the Ka’baah, It is glittering light, swaying basil, such lofty palaces, over flowing rivers, ripen fruits, such
charming wives, immense garments, an everlasting abode of serenity and peace, fresh fruit, delight and
graces in such lofty dwellings?” They said, “Yes. O Allah’s Messenger! We are those who will perform
good deeds for its sake.” He (PBUH) said, “Say you: In Sha Allah (At Allah’s Will).” So people said In Sha
Allah (At Allah’s Will)” This hadith was recorded by Ibn Majah. (16)

Commanding, His servant to ponder the creatures that He fashioned in such ways that testify to His
Might and Greatness, Allah says: Do they not look at the camels, how they are created? For verily,
it is such an amazing creation, of stunning formation; as it enjoys such immense strength and power,
the matter despite which it is so lenient as to be heavily-burdened and is totally obedient and meek to
the weak rider. In addition, it is eaten, its hair is beneficial, and its milk is palatably drinkable. They are
commanded to ponder camels because the most common of their domestic animals was the camel.
Shurayh Al-Qadi (the judge) used to say: “Let you come out with us so that we may look at the camels

and how they were created, and at the sky and how it has been raised.” That is, how Allah The Exalted
and Most Honored raised it in such immense loftiness (above the earth); the matter about which Allah
similarly says; (17)

Have they not looked at the heaven above them, how We have made it and adorned it, and there are
no rifts in it? And at the mountains, how they are rooted and fixed firm? i.e they are made upright,
stable, deeply-rooted in the earth, lest the earth should sway with its dwellers, all the while deposited
therein of the benefits and minerals (that would surely benefit its people).()

And at the earth, how it is spread out? i.e how it is made spread out, extended and easy to be moved
about thereupon.

So remind them (O Muhammad (SAW), you are only one who reminds. You are not a dictator over
them, meaning, ‘O Mohammad! Let you remind the people of hat with which you are sent to them, for

This statement of Allah: You are not a dictator over them, is similar to this verse: Muhammad SAW) are not a tyrant over them (to force them to Belief). Meaning, “You, O Muhammad,
are not the one who cast belief (Faith) in their hearts.’

Save the one who turns away and disbelieves, in reference it is to the one who disbelieved in deed and
creed; the one whom (Allah will punish him with the greatest punishment). Imam Ahmad recorded
that Abu- ‘Umah Al-Bashily passed by Khalid Ibn Yazid Ibn Muaawiyah and asked him about a word
which he heard from the Messenger of Allah(PBUH) saying: ‘All of you will be admitted into paradise
barring the one who turned in flight from Allah the way the camel turns in flight from its owner.” This
hadith was recorder by Imam Ahmad only.

Verily, to Us will be their return i.e their final destination and return.

Then Verily, for Us will be their reckoning meaning, “We (Allah) will reckon them for their deeds
accordingly, good (paradise) for the good and evil (hellfire) for the evil.