74. Surah Al-Muddathir (The One Enveloped) – Babirye

Babirye

74. Surah Al-Muddathir (The One Enveloped) 

 bismillah

 

Period of Revelation

It is established by authentic traditions that after the first Revelation (first five verses of Surah Alaq), no Revelations came down to the Holy Prophet (upon whom be peace) for quite some time. Then, when it was resumed, it started with theme verses of Surah Al- Muddaththir.

O thou wrapped up (in the mantle)!Arise and deliver thy warning! And thy Lord do thou magnify! And thy garments keep free from stain! And all abomination shun! Nor expect, in giving, any increase (for thyself) But, for thy Lord’s (Cause), be patient and constant! Finally, when the Trumpet is sounded, That will be- that Day – a Day of Distress,-Far from easy for those without Faith (Quran 74:1-10).

Summary (1-7)

After the break in revelation when Revelation Was resumed, the first seven verses of this Surah Were revealed: In these he Was for the first time commanded to arise and warn the people of the consequences of the way of life they were following and to proclaim the greatness of God in the world where others were being magnified without any right. Along with that he was given this instruction: The demand of the Unique mission that you have to perform, now is that your life should be pure in every respect and you should carry out the duty of reforming your people sincerely irrespective of any worldly gain. Then, in the last sentence, he was exhorted to endure with patience, for the sake of his Lord, all the hardships and troubles that he might have to face while performing his mission.

Lesson Point 1: Give dawah.

Lesson Point 2: Be patient when faced with hardships and troubles

Imam Magid’s Reflections on the Quran

Surah al Muddathir continues the theme of patience by telling the Prophet’s frightening event of witnessing Angel Jibreel in his true form for the first time. Angel Jibreel (may Allah be pleased with him) encompassed the whole horizon on a hanging seat that was between the heaven and earth. This was the time of declaration of the message and was one of the most overwhelming events for the Prophet Muhammad.

Surah Al Muddathir also reminds us of other situations in which the Prophet of Allah required an immense amount of patience. We should reflect on each of these and ask ourselves if we have been tested with the same type of trials, what would be our level of patience? Our beloved Prophet Muhammad had his feet stoned at Taif, his teeth knocked out in Uhud, the insides of animals thrown on his back when he made sujjud (prostration); he was called names, laughed at, mocked, and his family faced serious false accusations. But through all of this, he did not question Allah (swt). He maintained patience and was a source of helping others maintain patience, even when the action was against him. This is a clear emphasis of the importance of not allowing anger and emotion to take us away from the focus being on Allah (swt)

Lesson Point 3: Do not question Allah (swt) during moment of trials.

Leave Me alone, (to deal) with the (creature) whom I created (bare and) alone! To whom I granted resources in abundance, And sons to be by his side! To whom I made (life) smooth and comfortable! Yet is he greedy-that I should add (yet more); By no means! For to Our Signs he has been refractory! Soon will I visit him with a mount of calamities! For he thought and he plotted; And woe to him! How he plotted! Yea, Woe to him; How he plotted! Then he looked round; Then he frowned and he scowled. Then he turned back and was haughty; Then said he: “This is nothing but magic, derived from of old; “This is nothing but the word of a mortal!” Soon will I cast him into Hell-Fire! And what will explain to thee what Hell-Fire is? Naught doth it permit to endure, and naught doth it leave alone! Darkening and changing the color of man! Over it are Nineteen (Quran 74:11-30).

 

Story behind the Surah

In the implementation of this Divine Command when the Holy Messenger of Allah began to preach Islam and recite the Qur’anic Surahs revealed successively, the people of Makkah felt alarmed, and it provoked a great storm of opposition and hostility. A few months passed in this state until the Hajj season approached. The people of Makkah feared that if Muhammad (upon whom be Allah’s peace) started visiting the caravans of the pilgrims coming from all over Arabia at their halting places and reciting the spell binding and unique Revelations of the Qur’an in their assemblies on the occasion of Hajj, his message would reach every part of Arabia and influence countless people. Therefore, the Quraish chiefs held a conference and settled that they would start a propaganda campaign against the Holy Prophet (upon whom be peace) among the pilgrims as soon as they arrived.

After they had agreed on this, Walid bin al-Mughirah said to the assembled people: “If you said contradictory things about Muhammad (upon whom be Allah’s peace and blessings), we all would lose our trust among the people. Therefore, let us agree upon one opinion, which we should all say without dispute”.

Some people said that they would call Muhammad (upon whom be Allah’s peace and blessings) a soothsayer. Walid said: “No, by God, be is not a soothsayer. We have seen the soothsayers: what they murmur and what they utter has no remote resemblance with the Qur’an.”

Some other people said: “Then we say he is possessed.” Walid said: He is not a possessed one: we have seen mad and insane people; the way one talks disjointedly and behaves foolishly in that state is known to all: who would believe that what Muhammad (upon whom be peace) presented was the incoherent speech of a madman?”

The people said: “Then we say he is a poet.” Walid said: “No, he is not a poet, for we know poetry in all its forms, and what he presents conforms to no form of it.”

The people said: “Then he is a sorcerer.” Walid said: “He is no sorcerer either: we have seen sorcerers and we also know what methods they adopt for their sorcery. This also does not apply to Muhammad.”

Then he said: “Whichever of these things you said about Muhammad, it would be known to be a false accusation. By God, his speech is sweet, his root is deep and his branches are fruitful.” At this Abu Jahl urging on Walid said: “Your people will never be pleased with you unless you say something about Muhammad.” He said: “Let me think over it awhile.”

Then, after prolonged thought and consideration, he said: “The nearest thing to the truth is that you tell the Arabs that he is a sorcerer, who has brought a message by which he separates a man from his father; and from his brother, and from his wife and children, and from his family.” They all agreed on what Walid had proposed.

Then, according to a scheme the men of Quraish spread among the pilgrims in the Hajj season and they warned everyone they met of the sorcery of Muhammad (upon whom be peace) and of his stirring up divisions in the families by it.” But the result was that by this this plan the Quraish chiefs themselves made the name of the Holy Messenger known throughout Arabia. (Ibn Hisham, pp. 288-289. That Walid had made this proposal on the insistence of Abu Jahl has been related by Ibn Jarir in his Tafsir on the authority of Ikrimah).

Lesson Point 4: The current Islamophobia might bring benefits to the Muslims in the West, in the same way the Quraish’s propaganda of the Prophet (SA) helped increase his popularity.

The Remaining Surah

Allah warns the deniers of Truth, that they will see their evil on the day of Resurrection.

In Ayah. 11-26, without naming Walid bin al-Mughirah, Allah mentions how he was fully convinced of the truth of Muhammad (upon whom be Allah’s peace and blessings) and the Qur’an, but, on the other, he did not want to risk his leadership and position among his people. Therefore, not only did he not believe himself but, after a long-drawn-out conflict with his conscience, he also came out with the proposal that in order to restrain the people from believing, and decided that the Qur’an should be branded as magic. After exposing his evil nature, it has been said in the Quran: “Notwithstanding such evil inclinations and misdeeds, this person desires that he should be further blessed, whereas he has now become worthy of Hell, and never of further blessings.”

Lesson Point 5: For many, accepting the Truth of the Quran, is an internal struggle.

In verses 27-48, the dreadfulness of Hell has been depicted and it has been explained the type of people who really deserve it.

Lesson Point 6: Hell is scary! I will do my best to avoid being an inhabitant of the Hell.

In verses 49-53, the root cause of the disbelievers’ aversion has been pointed out, saying: “Since they are fearless of the Hereafter, and look upon this worldly life as an end in itself, they flee from the Qur’an as though they were wild asses fleeing away from the lion: therefore, they propose unreasonable conditions for believing, whereas even if each and every condition of theirs was fulfilled, they could not advance even an inch on the way of Faith with their denial of the Hereafter.”

Lesson Point 7: Remind yourself of the Hereafter and ponder over the Quran.

 

1. O you (Muhammad ) enveloped (in garments)!

2. Arise and warn!

3. And your Lord (Allah) magnify!

4. And your garments purify!

5. And keep away from Ar-Rujz (the idols)!

6. And give not a thing in order to have more (or consider not your deeds of Allah’s obedience as a favour to Allah).

7. And be patient for the sake of your Lord (i.e. perform your duty to Allah)!

8. Then, when the Trumpet is sounded (i.e. its second blowing);

9. Truly, that Day will be a Hard Day.

10. Far from easy for the disbelievers.

11. Leave Me Alone (to deal) with whom I created Alone (without any means, i.e. Al-Walid bin Al-Mughirah Al-Makhzumi)!

12. And then granted him resources in abundance.

13. And children to be by his side!

14. And made life smooth and comfortable for him!

15. After all that he desires that I should give more;

16. Nay! Verily, he has been stubborn and opposing Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.).

17. I shall oblige him to (climb a slippery mountain in the Hell-fire called As-Sa’ud, or to) face a severe torment!

18. Verily, he thought and plotted;

19. So let him be cursed! How he plotted!

20. And once more let him be cursed, how he plotted!

21. Then he thought;

22. Then he frowned and he looked in a bad tempered way;

23. Then he turned back and was proud;

24. Then he said: “This is nothing but magic from that of old;

25. “This is nothing but the word of a human being!”

26. I will cast him into Hell-fire

27. And what will make you know exactly what Hell-fire is?

28. It spares not (any sinner), nor does it leave (anything unburnt)!

29. Burning the skins!

30. Over it are nineteen (angels as guardians and keepers of Hell).

31. And We have set none but angels as guardians of the Fire, and We have fixed their number (19) only as a trial for the disbelievers, in order that the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) may arrive at a certainty [that this Qur’an is the truth as it agrees with their Books i.e. their number (19) is written in the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)] and the believers may increase in Faith (as this Qur’an is the truth) and that no doubts may be left for the people of the Scripture and the believers, and that those in whose hearts is a disease (of hypocrisy) and the disbelievers may say: “What Allah intends by this (curious) example ?” Thus Allah leads astray whom He wills and guides whom He wills. And none can know the hosts of your Lord but He. And this (Hell) is nothing else than a (warning) reminder to mankind.

32. Nay, and by the moon,

33. And by the night when it withdraws,

34. And by the dawn when it brightens,

35. Verily, it (Hell, or their denial of the Prophet Muhammad , or the Day of Resurrection) is but one of the greatest calamities.

36. A warning to mankind,

37. To any of you that chooses to go forward (by working righteous deeds), or to remain behind (by commiting sins),

38. Every person is a pledge for what he has earned,

39. Except those on the Right, (i.e. the pious true believers of Islamic Monotheism);

40. In Gardens (Paradise) they will ask one another,

41. About Al-Mujrimun (polytheists, criminals, disbelievers, etc.), (And they will say to them):

42. “What has caused you to enter Hell?”

43. They will say: “We were not of those who used to offer their Salat (prayers)

44. “Nor we used to feed Al-Miskin (the poor);

45. “And we used to talk falsehood (all that which Allah hated) with vain talkers .

46. “And we used to belie the Day of Recompense

47. “Until there came to us (the death) that is certain.”

48. So no intercession of intercessors will be of any use to them.

49. Then what is wrong with them (i.e. the disbelievers) that they turn away from (receiving) admonition?

50. As if they were frightened (wild) donkeys.

51. Fleeing from a hunter, or a lion, or a beast of prey.

52. Nay, everyone of them desires that he should be given pages spread out (coming from Allah with a writing that Islam is the right religion, and Muhammad has come with the truth from Allah the Lord of the heavens and earth, etc.).

53. Nay! But they fear not the Hereafter (from Allah’s punishment).

54. Nay, verily, this (Qur’an) is an admonition,

55. So whosoever will (let him read it), and receive admonition (from it)!

56. And they will not receive admonition unless Allah wills; He (Allah) is the One, deserving that mankind should be afraid of, and should be dutiful to Him, and should not take any Ilah (God) along with Him, and He is the One Who forgives (sins).

REFERENCES

76 Surat Al-‘Insān (The Man) – Rukaya

In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

[1-3] Has there also passed on man a period of the endless time when he was not yet a thing worthy of mention?Indeed, We created man from a mixed sperm drop,  to try him, and therefore We made him capable of hearing and seeing. We showed him the way, whether to be grateful or disbelieving. Continue reading

77. Surah Al-Mursalaat (Those sent forth) – Ayesher

The Surah takes its name from the word wal-mursalat in the first verse.

 

Period of Revelation

Its subject matter bears full evidence that it was revealed in the earliest period at Makkah. .

 

Theme and Subject Matter

Its theme is to affirm the Resurrection and Hereafter and to warn the people of the consequences which will ultimately follow the denial and the affirmation of these truths.

 

In the first seven verses, the system of winds has been presented as an evidence of the truth that the Resurrection which is being foretold by the Qur’an and the Prophet Muhammad (upon whom be Allah’s peace and blessings) must come to pass. The reasoning is that the power of All-Mighty Allah Who established this wonderful system on the earth, cannot be helpless in bringing about the Resurrection, and the express wisdom which underlies this system bears full evidence that the Hereafter must appear, for no act of an All- Wise Creator can be vain and purposeless, and if there was no Hereafter, it would mean that the whole of one’s life was useless and absurd.

 

The people of Makkah repeatedly asked, “Bring about the Resurrection with which you threaten us; only then shall we believe in it.”In vv. 8-l5, their demand has been answered, saying:”Resurrection is no sport or fun so that whenever a jester should ask for it, it should be brought forth immediately. It is indeed the Day of Judgment to settle the account of all mankind and of all its individuals. For it Allah has fixed a specific time it will take place at its own time, and when it takes place with all its dreads and horrors, it will confound those who are demanding it for fun today. Then their cases will be decided only on the evidence of those Messengers whom these deniers of the truth are repudiating with impunity. Then they will themselves realize how they themselves are responsible for their dooms

 

In vv. 16-28 arguments have been given continuously for the occurrence and necessity of the Resurrection and Hereafter. In these it has been stated that man’s own history, his own birth, and the structure of the earth on which he lives, bear the testimony that the coming of Resurrection and the establishment of the Hereafter are possible as well as the demand of Allah Almighty’s wisdom. History tells us that the nations which denied the Hereafter ultimately became corrupted and met with destruction. This means that the Hereafter is a truth which if denied and contradicted by a nation by its conduct and attitude, will cause it to meet the same doom, which is met by a blind man who bushes headlong into an approaching train.

Then, in vv. 28-40, the fate of the deniers of the Hereafter has been depicted, and in vv. 4l-45 of those who affirming faith in it in their worldly life, endeavored to improve their Hereafter, and abstained from the evils of disbelief and thought, morality and deed, conduct and character which might be helpful in man’s worldly life, but are certainly ruinous for his life hereafter.

 

In the end, the deniers of the Hereafter and those who turn away from God-worship, have been warned as if to say: “Enjoy your short-lived worldly pleasure as you may, but your end will ultimately be disastrous.” The discourse concludes with the assertion that the one who fails to obtain guidance from Book like the Qur’an, can have no ether source in the world to afford him Guidance.

 

** Lesson/summary

* Allah swears in the name of life giving winds,rain and thebangels thay the day of judgement will be established and woe on that day to the disbelivers.

*on that day,the disbelivers will be asked to walk towards hell which they used tondeny .

*the righteous will be guven all that they desire.

* A warning to the disbelivers.

 

we are guests in this world and should work for our  here after using THE QURAN as our guidance the day of judgement is real we believe it exists . ALL deeds will be examined.

In the end, the deniers of the Hereafter and those who turn away from God-worship, have been warned as if to say: “Enjoy your short-lived worldly pleasure as you may, but your end will ultimately be disastrous.” The discourse concludes with the assertion that the one who fails to obtain guidance from Book like the Qur’an, can have no ether source in the world to afford him Guidance.

 

                        The surah

Bismi Allahi alrrahmani alrraheemi

1          Waalmursalati AAurfan

2          FaalAAasifati AAasfan

3          Waalnnashirati nashran

4          Faalfariqati farqan

5          Faalmulqiyati thikran

6          AAuthran aw nuthran

7          Innama tooAAadoona lawaqiAAun

8          Faitha alnnujoomu tumisat

9          Waitha alssamao furijat

10         Waitha aljibalu nusifat

11         Waitha alrrusulu oqqitat

12         Liayyi yawmin ojjilat

13         Liyawmi alfasli

14         Wama adraka ma yawmu alfasli

15         Waylun yawmaithin lilmukaththibeena

16         Alam nuhliki alawwaleena

17         Thumma nutbiAAuhumu alakhireena

18         Kathalika nafAAalu bialmujrimeena

19         Waylun yawmaithin lilmukaththibeena

20         Alam nakhluqkum min main maheenin

21         FajaAAalnahu fee qararin makeenin

22         Ila qadarin maAAloomin

23         Faqadarna faniAAma alqadiroona

24         Waylun yawmaithin lilmukaththibeena

25         Alam najAAali alarda kifatan

26         Ahyaan waamwatan

27         WajaAAalna feeha rawasiya shamikhatin waasqaynakum maan furatan

28         Waylun yawmaithin lilmukaththibeena

On that day, The disbelievers will be asked to walk towards hell which they used to deny

29         Intaliqoo ila ma kuntum bihi tukaththiboona

30         Intaliqoo ila thillin thee thalathi shuAAabin

31         La thaleelin wala yughnee mina allahabi

32         Innaha tarmee bishararin kaalqasri

33         Kaannahu jimalatun sufrun

34         Waylun yawmaithin lilmukaththibeena

35         Hatha yawmu la yantiqoona

36         Wala yuthanu lahum fayaAAtathiroona

37         Waylun yawmaithin lilmukaththibeena

38         Hatha yawmu alfasli jamaAAnakum waalawwaleena

39         Fain kana lakum kaydun fakeedooni

40         Waylun yawmaithin lilmukaththibeena

The righteous will be given all that they desire

41         Inna almuttaqeena fee thilalin waAAuyoonin

42         Wafawakiha mimma yashtahoona

43         Kuloo waishraboo haneean bima kuntum taAAmaloona

44         Inna kathalika najzee almuhsineena

45         Waylun yawmaithin lilmukaththibeena

A warning to the disbelievers

46         Kuloo watamattaAAoo qaleelan innakum mujrimoona

47         Waylun yawmaithin lilmukaththibeena

48         Waitha qeela lahumu irkaAAoo la yarkaAAoona

49         Waylun yawmaithin lilmukaththibeena

50         Fabiayyi hadeethin baAAdahu yuminoona

 

**translation**

1. By the winds (or angels or the Messengers of Allah) sent forth one after another.

2. And by the winds that blow violently, 

3. And by the winds that scatter clouds and rain; 

4. And by the Verses (of the Qur’an) that separate the right from the wrong.

5. And by the angels that bring the revelations to the Messengers,

6. To cut off all excuses or to warn; 

7. Surely, what you are promised must come to pass.

8. Then when the stars lose their lights 

9. And when the heaven is cleft asunder;

10. And when the mountains are blown away;

11. And when the Messengers are gathered to their time appointed;

12. For what Day are these signs postponed?

13. For the Day of sorting out (the men of Paradise from the men destined for Hell).

14. And what will explain to you what is the Day of sorting out?

15. Woe that Day to the deniers (of the Day of Resurrection)!

16. Did We not destroy the ancients?

17. So shall We make later generations to follow them. 

18. Thus do We deal with the Mujrimun (polytheists, disbelievers, sinners, criminals, etc.)!

19. Woe that Day to the deniers (of the Day of Resurrection)!

20. Did We not create you from a worthless water (semen, etc.)?

21. Then We placed it in a place of safety (womb) 

22. For a known period (determined by gestation)?

23. So We did measure, and We are the Best to measure (the things).

24. Woe that Day to the deniers (of the Day of Resurrection)! 

25. Have We not made the earth a receptacle? 

26. For the living and the dead. 

27. And have placed therein firm, and tall mountains; and have given you to drink sweet water? 

28. Woe that Day to the deniers (of the Day of Resurrection)! 

29. (It will be said to the disbelievers): “Depart you to that which you used to deny!

30. “Depart you to a shadow (of Hell-fire smoke ascending) in three columns, 

31. “Neither shading, nor of any use against the fierce flame of the Fire.” 

32. Verily! It (Hell) throws sparks (huge) as Al-Qasr [a fort or a Qasr (huge log of wood)], 

33. As if they were Jimalatun Sufr (yellow camels or bundles of ropes).” 

34. Woe that Day to the deniers (of the Day of Resurrection)! 

35. That will be a Day when they shall not speak (during some part of it), 

36. And they will not be permitted to put forth any excuse. 

37. Woe that Day to the deniers (of the Day of Resurrection)! 

38. That will be a Day of Decision! We have brought you and the men of old together! 

39. So if you have a plot, use it against Me (Allah)! 

40. Woe that Day to the deniers (of the Day of Resurrection)! 

41. Verily, the Muttaqun (pious – see V.2:2) shall be amidst shades and springs. 

42. And fruits, such as they desire. 

43. “Eat and drink comfortably for that which you used to do. 

44. Verily, thus We reward the Muhsinun (good-doers). 

45. Woe that Day to the deniers (of the Day of Resurrection)!

46. (O you disbelievers)! Eat and enjoy yourselves (in this worldly life) for a little while. Verily, you are the Mujrimun (polytheists, disbelievers, sinners, criminals, etc.). 

47. Woe that Day to the deniers (of the Day of Resurrection)! 

48. And when it is said to them: “Bow down yourself (in prayer)!” They bow not down (offer not their prayers) . 

49. Woe that Day to the deniers (of the Day of Resurrection)! 

50. Then in what statement after this (the Qur’an) will they believe?

 

**references**

*the Quran project book*

http://quran.com/77

http://www.alim.org/library/quran/surah/english/77/TLT