Name: “Al-Jinn” is the name of this Surah as well as the title of its subject matter, for in it the event of the Jinn’s hearing the Qur’an and returning to their people to preach Islam to them, has been related in detail.
Period of Revelation
According to a tradition related in Bukhari and Muslim, on the authority of Hadrat Abdullah bin Abbas, once the Holy Prophet (upon whom be peace) was going to Visit the Fair of Ukaz with some of his Companions, On the way be led the Fajr Prayer at Nakhlah. At that time a company of the jinn happened to pass that way. When they heard the Quran being recited, they tarried and listened to it attentively. This very event has been described in this Surah.
Reality of Jinn
Before one starts the study of this Surah one must clearly know what is the reality of the jinn so as to avoid any possible confusion.
Many people of the modern times are involved in the misunderstanding that the jinn are not real, but only a figment of the ancient superstition and myths. They have not formed this opinion on the basis that they have known all the realities and truths about the universe and have thus discovered that the jinn do not exist. They cannot claim to possess any such knowledge either. But they have assumed without reason and proof that nothing exists in the universe except what they can see, whereas the sphere of human perceptions as against the vastness of this great universe is not even comparable to a drop of water as against the ocean. Here, the person who thinks that what he does not perceive, does not exist, and what exists must necessarily be perceived, in fact, provides a proof of the narrowness of his own mind. With this mode of thought, not to speak of the jinn, man cannot even accept and acknowledge any reality, which he cannot directly experience and observe, and he cannot even admit the existence of God, to say nothing of admitting any other unseen reality.
Those of the Muslims who have been influenced by modernism, but cannot deny the Qur’an either, have given strange interpretations of the clear statements of the Qur’an about the jinn, Iblis and Satan. They say that this does not refer to any hidden creation, which may have its own independent existence, but it sometimes implies man’s own animal forces, which have been called Satan, and sometimes it implies savage and wild mountain tribes, and sometimes the people who used to listen to the Qur’an secretly. But the statements of the Qur’an in this regard are so clear and explicit that these interpretations bear no relevance to them whatever.
The Qur’an frequently mentions the jinn and the men in a manner as to indicate that they are two separate creations. For this, see Al Araf: 38, Hind : 119, Ha Mim As-Sajdah: 25,29, Ahqaf: 18, Adh Dhariyat: 56, and the entire surah Ar-Rahman, which bears such clear evidence as to leave no room to regard the jinn as a human species.
In Surah Al-Araf: 12, Al Hijr : 26-27 and Ar-Rahman : 14-19, it has been expressly stated that man was created out of clay and jinn out of fire.
In Surah Al Hijr: 27, it has been said that the jinn had been created before man. The same thing is testified by the story of Adam and Iblis, which has been told at seven different places in the Qur’an, and at every place it confirms that Iblis was already there at the creation of man. Moreover, in surah Al-Kahf: 50, it has been stated that Iblis belonged to the jinn.
In surah Al-Araf: 27, it has been stated in clear words that the jinn see the human beings but the human beings do not see them.
In surah Al-Hijr: 16-l8, surah As- Saaffat: 6-10 and surah Al-Mulk: 5, it has been said that although the jinn can ascend to the heavens, they cannot exceed a certain limit; if they try to ascend beyond that limit and try to hear what goes on in the heavens, they are not allowed to do so, and if they try to eavesdrop they are driven away by meteorites. By this the belief of the polytheistic Arabs that the jinn possess the knowledge of the unseen, or have access to Divine secrets, has been refuted. The same error has a]so been refuted in Saba: 14.
Al-Baqarah: 30-34 and Al- Kahf: 50 show that Allah has entrusted man with the vicegerency of the earth and the men are superior to the jinn. Although the jinn also have been given certain extraordinary powers and abilities an example of which is found in An-Naml 39, yet the animals likewise have been given some powers greater than man, but these are no argument that the animals are superior to man.
The Qur’an also explains that the jinn, like men, are a creation possessed of power and authority, and they, just like them, can choose between obedience and disobedience, faith and disbelief. This is confirmed by the story of Satan and the event of the jinn affirming the faith as found in Surahs Al-Ahqaf and Al-Jinn.
At scores of places in the Qur’an, it has also been stated that Iblis at the very creation of Adam had resolved to misguide mankind, and since then the Satanic jinn have been persistently trying to mislead man, but they do not have the power to overwhelm him and make him do something forcibly. However, they inspire him with evil suggestions, beguile him and make evil seem good to him. For this, see An-Nisa 117- 120, Al-Araf: 11-17, Ibrahim: 22, Al-Hijr: 30-42, An-Nahl 98-100, Bani Israil 61-65.
The Qur’an also tells us that in the pre Islamic ignorance the polytheistic Arabs regarded the jinn as associates of God, worshiped them and thought they were descended from God. For this, see A1-An’am: 100, Saba : 40-41, As Saffat: 158.
From these details, it becomes abundantly clear that the jinn have their own objective existence and are a concealed creation of an entirely different species from man. Because of their mysterious qualities, ignorant people have formed exaggerated notions and concepts about them and their powers, and have even worshiped them, but the Qur’an has explained the whole truth about them, which shows what they are and what they are not.
Summary of the surah
Vv. 1-15, it has been told what was the impact of the Qur’an on the company of the jinn when they heard it and what they said to their fellow jinn when they returned to them. Allah, in this connection, has not cited their whole conversation but only those particular things which were worthy of mention. That is why the style is not that of a continuous speech but sentences have been cited so as to indicate that they said this and this. If one studies these sentences spoken by the jinn carefully, one can easily understand the real object of the narration of this event of their affirming the faith and or mentioning this conversation of theirs with their people in the Qur’an. The explanations that we have given of their statements in our Notes will be of further help in understanding this object.
After this, in vv 16-l8, the people have been admonished to the effect:”If you refrain from polytheism and follow the way of righteousness firmly, you will be blessed; otherwise if you turn away from the admonition sent down by Allah, you will meet with a severe punishment.”
Vv. 19-23, the disbelievers of Makkah have been reproached, as if to say: When the Messenger of Allah calls you towards Allah, you surround and mob him from every side, whereas the only duty of the Messenger is to convey the messages of Allah. He does not claim to have any power to bring any gain or cause any harm to the people.”
Then, in vv. 24-25 the disbelievers have been warned to the effect: “Today you are trying to overpower and suppress the Messenger seeing that he is helpless and friendless, but a time will come when you will know who in actual fact is helpless and friendless. Whether that time is yet far off, or near at hand, the Messenger has no knowledge thereof, but it will come to pass in any case.”
In conclusion, the people have been told: The Knower of the unseen is Allah alone. The Messenger receives only that knowledge which Allah is pleased to give him. This knowledge pertains to matters connected with the performance of the duties of Prophethood and it is delivered to him in such security which does not admit of any external interference whatever.
In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.
Surah 72 Al-Jinn [The Jinn]
1 Qul oohiya ilayya annahu istamaAAa nafarun mina aljinni faqaloo inna samiAAna quranan AAajaban
2 Yahdee ila alrrushdi faamanna bihi walan nushrika birabbina ahadan
3 Waannahu taAAala jaddu rabbina ma ittakhatha sahibatan wala waladan
4 Waannahu kana yaqoolu safeehuna AAala Allahi shatatan
5 Waanna thananna an lan taqoola alinsu waaljinnu AAala Allahi kathiban
6 Waannahu kana rijalun mina alinsi yaAAoothoona birijalin mina aljinni fazadoohum rahaqan
7 Waannahum thannoo kama thanantum an lan yabAAatha Allahu ahadan
8 Waanna lamasna alssamaa fawajadnaha muliat harasan shadeedan washuhuban
9 Waanna kunna naqAAudu minha maqaAAida lilssamAAi faman yastamiAAi alana yajid lahu shihaban rasadan
10 Waanna la nadree asharrun oreeda biman fee alardi am arada bihim rabbuhum rashadan
11 Waanna minna alssalihoona waminna doona thalika kunna taraiqa qidadan
12 Wanna thananna an lan nuAAjiza Allaha fee alardi walan nuAAjizahu haraban
13 Waanna lamma samiAAna alhuda amanna bihi faman yumin birabbihi fala yakhafu bakhsan wala rahaqan
14 Waanna minna almuslimoona waminna alqasitoona faman aslama faolaika taharraw rashadan
15 Waama alqasitoona fakanoo lijahannama hataban
16 Waallawi istaqamoo AAala alttareeqati laasqaynahum maan ghadaqan
17 Linaftinahum feehi waman yuAArid AAan thikri rabbihi yaslukhu AAathaban saAAadan
18 Waanna almasajida lillahi fala tadAAoo maAAa Allahi ahadan
19 Waannahu lamma qama AAabdu Allahi yadAAoohu kadoo yakoonoona AAalayhi libadan
20 Qul innama adAAoo rabbee wala oshriku bihi ahadan
21 Qul innee la amliku lakum darran wala rashadan
22 Qul innee lan yujeeranee mina Allahi ahadun walan ajida min doonihi multahadan
23 Illa balaghan mina Allahi warisalatihi waman yaAAsi Allaha warasoolahu fainna lahu nara jahannama khalideena feeha abadan
24 Hatta itha raaw ma yooAAadoona fasayaAAlamoona man adAAafu nasiran waaqallu AAadadan
25 Qul in adree aqareebun ma tooAAadoona am yajAAalu lahu rabbee amadan
26 AAalimu alghaybi fala yuthhiru AAala ghaybihi ahadan
27 Illa mani irtada min rasoolin fainnahu yasluku min bayni yadayhi wamin khalfihi rasadan
28 LiyaAAlama an qad ablaghoo risalati rabbihim waahata bima ladayhim waahsa kulla shayin AAadadan
1 Say (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم): “It has been revealed to me that a group (from three to ten in number) of jinn listened (to this Qur’an). They said: ‘Verily, we have heard a wonderful Recitation (this Qur’an)!
2 ‘It guides to the Right Path, and we have believed therein, and we shall never join (in worship) anything with our Lord (Allah).
3 ‘And He, exalted be the Majesty of our Lord, has taken neither a wife nor a son (or offspring or children).
4 ‘And that the foolish among us [i.e. Iblis (Satan) or the polytheists amongst the jinn] used to utter against Allah that which was an enormity in falsehood.
5 ‘And verily, we thought that men and jinn would not utter a lie against Allah.
6 ‘And verily, there were men among mankind who took shelter with the males among the jinn, but they (jinn) increased them (mankind) in sin and transgression.
7 ‘And they thought as you thought, that Allah will not send any Messenger (to mankind or jinn).
8 ‘And we have sought to reach the heaven; but found it filled with stern guards and flaming fires.
9 ‘And verily, we used to sit there in stations, to (steal) a hearing, but any who listens now will find a flaming fire watching him in ambush.
10 ‘And we know not whether evil is intended for those on earth, or whether their Lord intends for them a Right Path.
11 ‘There are among us some that are righteous, and some the contrary; we are groups having different ways (religious sects).
12 ‘And we think that we cannot escape (the punishment of) Allah in the earth, nor can we escape Him by flight.
13 ‘And indeed when we heard the Guidance (this Qur’an), we believed therein (Islamic Monotheism), and whosoever believes in his Lord shall have no fear, either of a decrease in the reward of his good deeds or an increase in the punishment for his sins.
14 ‘And of us some are Muslims (who have submitted to Allah, after listening to this Qur’an), and of us some are Al-Qasitun (disbelievers – those who have deviated from the Right Path)’. And whosoever has embraced Islam (i.e. has become a Muslim by submitting to Allah), then such have sought the Right Path.”
15 And as for the Qasitun (disbelievers who deviated from the Right Path), they shall be firewood for Hell,
16 If they (non-Muslims) had believed in Allah, and went on the Right Way (i.e. Islam) We would surely have bestowed on them water (rain) in abundance.
17 That We might try them thereby. And whosoever turns away from the Reminder of his Lord (i.e. this Qur’an, – and practise not its laws and orders), He will cause him to enter in a severe torment (i.e. Hell).
18 And the mosques are for Allah (Alone): so invoke not anyone along with Allah.
19 And when the slave of Allah (Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) stood up invoking Him (his Lord – Allah) in prayer they (the jinn) just made round him a dense crowd as if sticking one over the other (in order to listen to the Prophet’s recitation).
20 Say (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم): “I invoke only my Lord (Allah Alone), and I associate none as partners along with Him.”
21 Say: “It is not in my power to cause you harm, or to bring you to the Right Path.”
22 Say (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم): “None can protect me from Allah’s punishment (if I were to disobey Him), nor can I find refuge except in Him.
23 “(Mine is) but conveyance (of the truth) from Allah and His Messages (of Islamic Monotheism), and whosoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger, then Verily, for him is the Fire of Hell, he shall dwell therein forever.”
24 Till, when they see that which they are promised, then they will know who it is that is weaker concerning helpers and less important concerning numbers.
25 Say (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم): “I know not whether (the punishment) which you are promised is near or whether my Lord will appoint for it a distant term.
26 “(He Alone is) the All-Knower of the Ghaib (Unseen), and He reveals to none His Ghaib (Unseen).”
27 Except to a Messenger (from mankind) whom He has chosen (He informs him of unseen as much as He likes), and then He makes a band of watching guards (angels) to march before him and behind him.
28 [He (Allah) protects them (the Messengers)], till He sees that they (the Messengers) have conveyed the Messages of their Lord (Allah). And He (Allah) surrounds all that which is with them, and He (Allah) keeps count of all things (i.e. He knows the exact number of everything).
Lessons: (to myself first)
: the messages brought to the people by the prophet PBUH were straight from.Allah.. with no alterations..
: the Jinns do exist. the good and the bad. After listening to the recitation of this Surah by the Prophet PBUH , they confirmed the existence.of the oneness of Allah..in verse 13 ‘And indeed when we heard the Guidance (this Qur’an), we believed therein (Islamic Monotheism), and whosoever believes in his Lord shall have no fear, either of a decrease in the reward of his good deeds or an increase in the punishment for his sins.
: the evil jin exist but are not to be blamed directly. all the wrong we do is entirely because we choose to. All they do is just create the desire.. “Iblis at the very creation of Adam had resolved to misguide mankind, and since then the Satanic jinn have been persistently trying to mislead man, but they do not have the power to overwhelm him and make him do something forcibly. However, they inspire him with evil suggestions, beguile him and make evil seem good to him. “
: we might deny the sunna and teachings of the prophet PBUH now but will be the losers later..
:Jinns accepted Allah’s monotheism after listening to just one surah …..how about US who have the whole Quran for guidance… (think about it) we honestly have no excuse. ASALAM ALEIKUM. XX